Cardiovascular system questions and answers pdf

Cardiovascular system questions and answers pdf

Which of the following is the most common symptom of myocardial infarction? Chest pain b. Dyspnea c. Edema d. Palpitations 2. When do coronary arteries primarily receive blood flow? During inspiration. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

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cardiovascular system questions and answers pdf

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During inspiration b. During diastole c. During expiration d. During systole 3. Which of the following illnesses is the leading cause of death in the US? Cancer b. Coronary artery disease c. Liver failure d. Renal failure 4. Which of the following conditions most commonly results in CAD? Atherosclerosis b.If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus.

Flow through any vascular bed depends on its resistance to flow and the arterial pressure. As long as this pressure is maintained constant a critical point that is dependent upon adjustments in cardiac outputalterations in flow through any individual bed will have no influence on flow through other beds in parallel with it. A leaky aortic valve will cause a diastolic murmur. Normally, the aortic valve is closed during diastole when there is a large reverse pressure difference between the aorta and left ventricle.

Slowing conduction through the AV node will have no effect on the heart rate but will increase the interval between atrial and ventricular excitation. The heart rate is normally slowed by decreases in the rate of action potential initiation by pacemaker cells in the SA node. The right and left hearts are served by a common electrical excitation system and therefore beat at the same rate.

Although it is true that the right ventricle is less muscular than the left, that fact does not explain why pulmonary pressure is so low. Actually, it is the other way around: because pulmonary arterial pressure is low, the right ventricle does not have to be very muscular to pump blood into the lungs.

CO and HR are the same for both the right Forgot Password? What is MyAccess? Otherwise it is hidden from view. Forgot Username? About MyAccess If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Sign in via OpenAthens. Sign in via Shibboleth.

AccessBiomedical Science. AccessEmergency Medicine. Case Files Collection. Clinical Sports Medicine Collection. Davis AT Collection.The body's breathing system. The body's system of nerves. The body's food-processing system. The body's blood-transporting system.

Other cells. Carbon dioxide. Arteries, veins and capillaries. Why is blood that flows from the lungs to the heart bright red rather than dark red?

What part of the blood carries minerals, vitamins, sugar, and other foods to the body's cells? Red blood cells. White blood cells. What would happen to people who have an open wound and whose blood did not clot naturally? They may bleed to death. Clotting is not important.

They would have to take regular doses of plasma. They would have to take regular doses of platelets. What happens to blood when it is pumped into the thin-walled blood vessels of the lungs? One: Type "O". Two: white cells and red cells. Three: white cells, red cells, and plasma.

The lungs. The heart. The kidneys. The blood vessels and capillaries. Crossword Puzzle on "The Circulatory System". Circulatory System What is the circulatory system?Like the bustling factory, the body must have a transportation system to carry its various cargos back and forth, and this is where the cardiovascular system steps in. The cardiovascular system can be compared to a muscular pump equipped with one-way valves and a system of large and small plumbing tubes within which the blood travels.

The heart muscle has three layers and they are as follows:. The heart is equipped with four valves, which allow blood to flow in only one direction through the heart chambers. Although the heart chambers are bathed with blood almost continuously, the blood contained in the heart does not nourish the myocardium.

Blood circulates inside the blood vessels, which form a closed transport system, the so-called vascular system. Except for the microscopic capillaries, the walls of the blood vessels have three coats or tunics. The major branches of the aorta and the organs they serve are listed next in sequence from the heart.

Finally, the aorta passes through the diaphragm into the abdominopelvic cavity, where it becomes the abdominal aorta. Veins draining into the superior vena cava are named in a distal-to-proximal direction; that is, in the same direction the blood flows into the superior vena cava. The inferior vena cava, which is much longer than the superior vena cava, returns blood to the heart from all body regions below the diaphragm.

As the heart beats or contracts, the blood makes continuous round trips- into and out of the heart, through the rest of the body, and then back to the heart- only to be sent out again. The spontaneous contractions of the cardiac muscle cells occurs in a regular and continuous way, giving rhythm to the heart. In a healthy heart, the atria contract simultaneously, then, as they start to relax, contraction of the ventricles begin.

Cardiac output is the amount of blood pumped out by each side of the heart in one minute. It is the product of the heart rate and the stroke volume. Arterial pulse pressure and blood pressure measurements, along with those of respiratory rate and body temperature, are referred to collectively as vital signs in clinical settings. The right and left sides of the heart work together in achieving a smooth flowing blood circulation.

All questions are given in a single page and correct answers, rationales or explanations if any are immediately shown after you have selected an answer. No time limit for this exam. Text Mode: All questions and answers are given on a single page for reading and answering at your own pace. Be sure to grab a pen and paper to write down your answers.

Specialized cell membrane structures that decrease electrical resistance between the cells allowing action potentials to pass efficiently from one cell to adjacent cells are the:. Extensive capillary network B. Intercalated disks C. Mitochondria D. Gap junctions. They directly connect the cytoplasm of two cells, which allows various molecules, ions and electrical impulses to directly pass through a regulated gate between cells.

cardiovascular system questions and answers pdf

A: Extensive capillary networks allows abundant supply of oxygen and nutrients on tissues such as skeletal muscle, liver, and kidney. They occur at the Z-line of the sarcomere and can be visualized easily when observing a longitudinal section of the tissue. Complete the diagram so that it will show the correct route of blood in the heart. Answer: D. Blood enters the heart through two large veins, the inferior and superior vena cava, emptying oxygen-poor blood from the body into the right atrium.

As the atrium contracts, blood flows from your right atrium into your right ventricle through the open tricuspid valve.

Cardiovascular system questions and answers

When the ventricle is full, the tricuspid valve shuts. This prevents blood from flowing backward into the right atrium while the ventricle contracts. As the ventricle contracts, blood leaves the heart through the pulmonic valve, into the pulmonary artery and to the lungs, where it is oxygenated.

cardiovascular system questions and answers pdf

The oxygenated blood then returns to the heart through the pulmonary veins. The pulmonary veins empty oxygen-rich blood from the lungs into the left atrium. As the atrium contracts, blood flows from your left atrium into your left ventricle through the open mitral valve.Welcome Guest.

Integumentary system test questions and answers pdf. Instructions: To take the quiz, click on the answer. Melanocytes and melanin d. Have each person look at a different slide and rotate through to speed up the process —3.

Papillae 2. The skin gives clues to your emotional state. You must complete your own lab report and turn it in! No lab work is accepted. Each correct answer is worth one point. Cardiovascular system quiz physiology exam questions and answers about the human heart chambers pdf. Too much sun The functions of the integumentary system are: Protection. Explanation are given for understanding. Melanin protects tissues from the damaging effects of UV radiation.

Introduction The integumentary system includes the skin and its appendages such as hair, nails, and glands that produce oil or sweat. No choice is correct b. This activity contains 30 questions.

Integumentary system test questions and answers pdf

In marking multiple choice questions, I sug- gest that that one mark be Sherwood L Human physiology from cells to systems 9th ed. Integumentary Lecture Test Questions — Set 1 1.

The balls next to the correct answers will turn green so you can see the right answers. Synthesis of Vitamin D 2. Functions of the integumentary system. Related quizzes can be found here: Integumentary System Quizzes There are 69 questions on this topic. Once theseare familiar, but before the answers are well-known, hide the answers and try to fill in the blank for each question. You can search for your favorite topic Integumentary System. Sebaceous gland infection Temperature regulation.

You are given one minute per question. You correctly answered out of questions. Art-labeling Activities Art-labeling Activity: Figure The Basic Organization of the Epidermis Art-labeling Activity: Figure Dermal Circulation skeletal system quiz Answer the following 10 questions on the skeletal system to the best or your ability. It is the most visible organ system and one of the most complex. The i flake-like dead cells every minute.

Answer each by placing your response in the appropriately numbered blanks to the right. Chapter 5 The Integumentary System Multiple-Choice Questions 1 Which of the following is the correct order of the layers of the cutaneous membrane?

A epidermis, hypodermis, dermis B dermis, epidermis, hypodermis C epidermis, dermis, hypodermis D hypodermis, dermis, epidermis E dermis, hypodermis, dermis Answer: C Diff: 1 Exercise 4.The Human Heart.

Here is a quiz about one of the most important organs in the body-the human heart. Cardiovascular system quiz physiology exam questions and answers about the human heart chambers pdf. Cardiovascular system quiz.

Mcqs, 4. The function of spleen in adults is. Mcqs, 5.

Cardiovescular System Related Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

Mcqs, 6. Mcqs, 7. Extracellular fluids is rich in the following except. Mcqs, 8. The velocity of flow in blood vessels is determined by. Mcqs, 9. Left border of heart is formed by 1 Right ventricle 2 left Atrium 3 Left Atrium and left ventricle 4 Left ventricle. Mcqs, For blood clotting fibrinogen is changed into fibrin with the help of 1 Thrombin 2 Platelets 3 Vitamin K 4 Antithrombin.

Blood clot inside a blood vessel is known as 1 Thrombus 2 Fibrinolysis 3 Thrombosis 4 Clot. Albumin is one of the plasma protein is synthesized in 1 Liver 2 Adrenal gland 3 Pancreas 4 Screen. What is the function of blood platelets 1 Aid in coagulation of blood 2 Ingest bacteria 3 Carry haemoglobin 4 Transport co2. Which of the following vitamins has closest relationship with blood 1 A 2 D 3 K 4 E.

Bleeding can be due to all of the following causes except 1 Deficiency of white blood cells 2 Decrease in calcium 3 Thrombocytopenia 4 Deficiency of coagulation factor. The blood in the mammalian heart pumped by the right ventricle pass out of orifice which is guarded by 1 Bicuspid valve 2 Tricuspid valve 3 Aortic arch 4 Pulmonary valve. Splenic artery is a branch of 1 Superior mesenteric artery 2 Renal artery 3 Inferior mesenteric artery 4 Celiac trunk.

Following substance are there buffering agents of human body except 1 Carbohydrate 2 Phosphate 3 Haemoglobin 4 Protein.

cardiovascular system questions and answers pdf

A patient with high fever will most likely demonstrate the sign of 1 Decreased sweating 2 Increased pulse rate 3 Increased urinary output 4 Increased appetite. Online Nursing Test. Endocrine Quiz. Mcqs, 1. Mcqs, 2. The velocity of flow in blood vessels is determined by 1 Caliber of blood vessel 2 Viscosity of blood 3 Pressure difference between two ends of blood vessels 4 All listed Answer : 4 Mcqs, 9. Left border of heart is formed by 1 Right ventricle 2 left Atrium 3 Left Atrium and left ventricle 4 Left ventricle Answer : 3 Mcqs, For blood clotting fibrinogen is changed into fibrin with the help of 1 Thrombin 2 Platelets 3 Vitamin K 4 Antithrombin Answer : 1 Mcqs, Albumin is one of the plasma protein is synthesized in 1 Liver 2 Adrenal gland 3 Pancreas 4 Screen Answer : 1 Mcqs, Bleeding can be due to all of the following causes except 1 Deficiency of white blood cells 2 Decrease in calcium 3 Thrombocytopenia 4 Deficiency of coagulation factor Answer : 1 Mcqs, The blood in the mammalian heart pumped by the right ventricle pass out of orifice which is guarded by 1 Bicuspid valve 2 Tricuspid valve 3 Aortic arch 4 Pulmonary valve Answer : 4 Mcqs, Splenic artery is a branch of 1 Superior mesenteric artery 2 Renal artery 3 Inferior mesenteric artery 4 Celiac trunk Answer : 4.

Universal Donor blood group of human beings is. Following substance are there buffering agents of human body except 1 Carbohydrate 2 Phosphate 3 Haemoglobin 4 Protein Answer : 1 Mcqs, Question 2.

How do you measure the JVP? Question 3. What are the waves and descents of the JVP waveform? Question 4. How can you differentiate the JVP from the carotid pulse? Question 5. Question 6. What is the usual position of the apex beat? Question 7. Why might the apex beat be impalpable? Question 8. What can you to to emphasise the apex beat? Question 9.

What scars are common in a cardiac examination? Question How can you describe murmurs in a cardiovascular examination? How is the loudness intensity of murmurs graded? What is a third heart sound and what causes it?

Integumentary system test questions and answers pdf

What is a fourth heart sound? What does the splitting of heart sounds mean? What is wide or pathological splitting of heart sounds.

What is reverse splitting of the heart sounds? Note that in modern medicine, splitting of heart sounds is rarely clinically relevant. What are the cardiac causes of clubbing?


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